Sam blogs about all kinds of science at www.samanthagouldson.com.
Latest posts by Sam (see all)
- Have you ever wondered…why leaves change colour in autumn? - October 18, 2017
- What is the Orionid Meteor Shower? - October 22, 2016
- How to Stay Safe at the Beach - August 27, 2016
Autumn is a season of change; the weather gets colder, there’s less daylight and leaves change colour and fall from plants. But why does this happen?
Why Do Plants Have Leaves?
Leaves contain a chemical called chlorophyll (pronounced KLO-ro-fil), which as well as giving them their lovely green colour also helps create food for the plant. The leaves act like tiny solar panels, and use the sun’s energy to convert water (from the ground) and a gas called carbon dioxide (from the air) into sugar and oxygen. This process is called photosynthesis (pronounced foto-SIN-theh-sis), and the sugar is what the plant lives on.